CONTEMPORARY EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY
e-ISSN: 1309-517X
Meta-Analysis on the Attitudes of Active Teachers About the Use of Educational Technology According to Gender

Francisco D. Guillén-Gámez 1 * , Raquel Rodríguez-Fernández 2

CONT ED TECHNOLOGY, Volume 14, Issue 1, Article No: ep339

https://doi.org/10.30935/cedtech/11408

Submitted: 21 September 2021, Published Online: 07 December 2021

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Abstract

Studies analysing and comparing the attitudes of teachers towards Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based on gender have provided mixed results. In this work, we carried out a meta-analysis on gender differences in attitudes towards ICT, from a global perspective and exploring four dimensions: affective-emotional attitude, beliefs, self-efficacy, and mixed with each other. Through the collection of 55 studies providing 73 effect sizes based on a total sample of 21,325 working teachers, a negative effect was found, almost null (d= -0.0297) and not statistically significant. These results indicate that female teachers have a more positive attitude towards the educational use of ICT than male teachers. Independently, the dimensions affective-emotional attitude (d= -0.342), beliefs (d= 0.114), and self-efficacy (d= 0.273) produced significant effect sizes, although with small effects. The analysis of moderating variables showed that different moderators intervene significantly in the variability of effect sizes: continental origin of the teachers (emotional and beliefs dimensions); teacher’s workplace (dimension self-efficacy); type of publication (emotional dimension) and validity of the instruments (emotional and beliefs dimension). With this meta-analysis, it is possible to take another step towards a better measurement and explanation of the attitudes that teachers have towards the use of new technologies in educational contexts.

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