e-ISSN: 1309-517X
Psychometric Properties of Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) in Russian Context

Almira R. Bayanova 1 * , Alexey A. Chistyakov 2, Maria O. Timofeeva 3, Vladimir V. Nasonkin 4, Tatiana I. Shulga 5, Vitaly F. Vasyukov 6 7

CONT ED TECHNOLOGY, Volume 14, Issue 1, Article No: ep342

Submitted: 16 November 2021, Published Online: 03 January 2022

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Smartphones facilitate communication, education, information, and entertainment through a diverse array of mobile applications. Excessive smartphone use has become a significant societal issue. The research community has explored both the positive and negative consequences of mobile phone use. The phrase “problematic smartphone use” refers to an excessive pattern of smartphone use that may have negative consequences. Smartphone addiction may present with symptoms that are unique from Internet addiction. Severe sadness, anxiety, and tension are all associated with problematic smartphone use. Numerous negative consequences are discussed, including mental health problems, diminished physical fitness, and poor academic achievement. According to the findings of the literature analysis, there is no inventory that evaluates smartphone addiction in the context of Russia. The goal of this study is to examine the psychometric characteristics of the smartphone addiction inventory (SPAI) in a Russian context. Several Russian Federation universities performed the study during the autumn semester of the 2020-2021 academic year. To enhance the inventory, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) were utilized on 209 students. As a result, research on the validity and reliability of the Smartphone Addiction Inventory were done in the Russian setting. The research revealed a brief inventory of 14 items and three factors (functional impairment, anxiety, and compulsive behavior).



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